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Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. The tsunami alone killed 20,000 people, and displaced more than 150,000 others. "On the Great East Japan Earthquake in Japan." He has been a scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution since 2001. "Press Release (April 5, 2011) Detection of Radioactive Materials From the Seawater Near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (12th Release)," Pages 1-6. (One becquerel equals one radioactive decay event per second. Japan has also been the site of some of the 10 worst natural disasters of the 21st century. 4 on Sakuraji… What could be done differently? And the costs and number of people affected by disasters continues to rise in the face of such influences as growing urbanization and environmental degradation. Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force, Ōfunato, Iwate prefecture, Japan Members of the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force in rescue and recovery operations in Ōfunato, Iwate prefecture, Japan, after the city was devastated by the March 11, 2011, earthquake and tsunami. "Japan Sustainability Report," Page 3. Japan has historically been hit by a spate of natural calamities. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. What they found was in some ways encouraging. In a subduction zone, one plate slides beneath another into the mantle, the hotter layer beneath the crust. What are the risks of low-level exposure to both long-lived isotopes such as cesium-137 and fast-decaying ones such as iodine-131? Boeing. Finally, frustration and anger at the response of Japanese authorities to the disaster, including bungled communications and withholding of information during and after the crisis, has severely damaged public trust in Japanese government and industry officials, as well as Japanese scientists. http://www.whoi.edu/main/morss/fukushima, Fukushima Radiation the Pacific Nowhere in Japan are precautions against natural disaster more robust than in state schools. "The Tohoku Pacific Earthquake: Economic Consequences." Few natural disasters spawned as much international attention as the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. She has been working in the Accounting and Finance industries for over 20 years. Because of prevailing weather patterns and the coastal location of the plant, an estimated 80 percent of the radioactivity released by the accidents at Fukushima Dai-ichi wound up not on the densely populated Japanese mainland but in the sea. Given Japan's vulnerability to natural disasters, and with accelerating climate change widely predicted to increase severe weather patterns, increased cooperation and information sharing is … "Made with Japan: A Partnership on the Frontiers of Aerospace," Page 2. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake struck offshore of Japan, along a subduction zone where two of Earth's tectonic plates collide. Her work frequently takes her underwater using remotely operated vehicles and SCUBA and carries her to the far corners of the world. The Influx of Marine Debris From the Great Japan Tsunami of 2011 to North American Shorelines, Evidence That the Great Pacific Garbage Patch Is Rapidly Accumulating Plastic. It’s a common enough occurrence in what is one of the world’s most seismically active regions. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2014. Dr. Gregory Skomal is an accomplished marine biologist, underwater explorer, photographer, and author. But the lasting impacts of the triple disaster are practically incalculable. "About the Major Earthquake in Northeastern Japan." Finally, on April 6, levels of cesium-137 measured at outlets close to the plant peaked at a shockingly high concentration of around 60 million becquerels per cubic meter. Many studies have documented the indirect effect of the Great East Japan Earthquake on production through supply chain disruptions. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. At Woods Hole, Buesseler had watched the evolving disaster with particular interest. Troublingly, as Buesseler pointed out in a study published in the journal Science in October 2012, levels of cesium present in a wide range of fish are no longer declining or are decreasing only slowly—suggesting that cesium is still emanating from the nuclear power plants or contaminated sediments on the seafloor. Simon Thorrold is an ocean ecologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. "2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Facts, FAQs, and How to Help." It is named after Antoine Henri Becquerel, the French physicist who shared a Nobel Prize for discovering radioactivity. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. A megathrust fault there runs for some 500 miles undersea and experiences hundreds of lesser tremors every year. Some Japanese coastal fisheries remain closed, and public anxiety remains high. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. The chain of calamity now known as Japan’s Triple Disaster began with a massive rupture in the ocean floor. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. Earth, Planets and Space. 4. He is an Explorer-At-Large at the National Geographic Society, Commissioner for the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, and a Research Scholar at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. People's Daily Online. East African Drought. The magnitude 9.0 quake was centered 130 km offshore the city of Sendai in Miyagi prefecture on the eastern cost of Honshu Island (the main part of Japan). He is also adjunct faculty at the University of Massachusetts School for Marine Science and Technology and an adjunct scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Reactors began reopening in 2015., Third, the Bank of Japan provided market liquidity to ensure the stability of financial markets, but the long-term impact was harmful to the country's struggling economy. Rebuilding lifted the economy a bit, but the increase in the national debt outweighed it. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. On the flip side, the huge amount of radioactive contamination to the western North Pacific, delivered via atmospheric fallout and direct discharge of cooling waters, created an unprecedented challenge for the ocean—and for ocean scientists. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Ongoing safety concerns and widely expressed public frustration point to failures in crisis communications, and the challenges of communicating effectively about complex scientific realities—especially those involving risk. "Antarctic Icebergs Chipped Off by Japan Tsunami." "Police Countermeasures and Damage Situation Associated With 2011 Tohoku District — Off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake, December 10, 2019." Tsunami waves smashed the coast, causing massive damage and flooding. For more than 30 years, Greg has been actively involved in the study of life history, ecology, and physiology of sharks. "M 9.1 - 2011 Great Tohoku Earthquake, Japan." Merely cleaning up the debris scattered along the coast, some 22.5 million tons of it, is a task that will require years. Type : Volcanic Eruption. He holds a master’s degree from the University of Rhode Island and a Ph.D. from Boston University. It took some time for the scale of the contamination to become clear. As unforeseen as the coming of an earthquake is, we know they do happen which presents a choice to companies in their supply-chain strategies. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. The author of numerous books, scientific papers, and articles, he has been featured in several National Geographic television programs, including “Secrets of the Titanic” a five-part mini-series, “Alien Deep with Bob Ballard.” and, in 2019, “Expedition Amelia.”  He was a special advisor to Steve Spielberg on the futuristic television show seaQuest DSV. Fortune. http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=7545&tid=3622&cid=153749, Japan, 2011 National Aeronautics and Space Administration. A pioneer in the development of deep-sea submersibles and remotely operated vehicle systems, he has taken part in more than 155 deep-sea expeditions. He chartered the research vessel Ka’imikai-o-Kanaloa, nicknamed the K-O-K, from the University of Hawaii, and on June 6, with final permissions to sample in Japanese waters yet to be granted by the Japanese government, the ship left Yokohama on a two-week sampling mission. 2. Japan was struck, in the mid-afternoon of Friday, March 11, 2011, ... Natural disasters, unfortunately, will always be with us. He has been a fisheries scientist with the Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries since 1987 and currently heads up the Massachusetts Shark Research Program. Nissan. http://cafethorium.whoi.edu/website/about/index.html, WHOI Tsunami website … Here's a look at some of the most-severe natural calamities to strike in 2011. from the University of Auckland, and Ph.D. from James Cook University, North Queensland, Australia. A host of Japanese researchers, and their counterparts from around the world, mobilized to take on these questions. Japan was struck, in the mid-afternoon of Friday, March 11, 2011, ... Natural disasters, unfortunately, will always be with us. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. International Society for Integrated Disaster Risk Management. Topping 45 feet, the tsunami mocked all precautions. Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry. With much of his work in the South Pacific and Caribbean, Simon has been on many cruises, logging 1,000 hours of scuba diving and 800 hours in tropical environs. Mitsubishi Motors. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. "8 Years After Fukushima, 52,000 Search for a New Home." Some Japanese have tsunami stones to thank for the safety of their homes and lives: in Aneyoshi, a tsunami stone states, “ high dwellings ensure the peace and happiness of our descendants.” See Figure 2. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. Japan Reconstruction Agency. But although the vast majority of fish now being taken off the coast of Japan meet even this stringent standard, some contaminated fish continue to be caught years later. 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