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(Micah 3:8; Luke 1: 35) God sends out his spirit by projecting his energy to any place to accomplish his will. April 2020 The word’s first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: “The Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the As it turns out, in the Old Testament, the Hebrew word for ‘spirit’ (ruwach) as in ‘Spirit of God’ is feminine. Cookies Policy Both Hebrew and Greek have gendered nouns. Which leads us to the Spirit in the New Testament. The gender issues in culture are affecting language (see here). Well, perhaps it is because we have a male bias. But "Holy Spirit" in the original Greek is neuter and therefore the neuter pronouns "it," "itself" are used with it in the original NT Greek! In the Bible, God’s holy spirit is identified as God’s power in action. The Greek New Testament, however, was written in all capital letters without punctuation and spacing between words. The word’s first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: “The Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the [22][23][24], Discovering Biblical Equality maintains that viewing God in masculine terms is merely a way in which we speak of God in figurative language. We shouldn’t be removing God’s chosen gender language to talk about God. Thus, it is argued that these Greek prepositions teach a twofold relationship of the Holy Spirit with the believer. There the Holy Spirit is referred to as “he.” On the one hand the masculine pronoun “he” could be referring to pneuma which is neuter. The Hebrew word for "spirit" (ruach) is feminine in Genesis 1:2. Both the word "wind" in this passage and the word "Spirit" are the same word: pneuma, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word ruach. Watford, UK a) We don’t have grammatically gendered nouns and pronouns. It's also important to know what Scripture teaches about "spirit," in order to discern and avoid deceptions done in the name of and by a Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. [47], In Christian iconography, the Holy Spirit is most often represented as a dove. Leviticus 7:6. The Hebrew language phrase ruach ha-kodesh (Hebrew: רוח הקודש, "holy spirit" also transliterated ruacḥ ha-qodesh) is a term used in the Hebrew Bible and Jewish writings to refer to the spirit of YHWH (רוח יהוה). Thus, Andrei Rublev's The Trinity represents the Trinity as the "three men" who visited Abraham at the oak of Mamre[48] often considered a theophany of the Trinity. There is also a far less common tradition of depicting the Holy Spirit in human form, usually as male. Yet, despite that grammatical fact, some point to that term as proo f of a male Holy Spirit. b) In English a noun or pronoun that carries connotations of physical gender usually correlates to the gender of the object; Both the word "wind" in this passage and the word "Spirit" are the same word: pneuma, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word ruach. But there is a further problem. July 2020 If that is the case then there is a strong argument for using “he” of the Spirit. The Greek Word for Spirit is “Pneuma,” In Hebrew Spirit is “Ruach” The Greek (New Testament) word for spirit is “pneuma” whereas the Hebrew (Old Testament) word for spirit is “ruach.” Both words mean: a current of air, wind, a breath in reference to either a human, demon, or the Holy Spirit of God. The term pneumatology comes from two Greek words, namely, pneuma meaning “wind,” “breath,” or “spirit” (used of the Holy Spirit) and logos meaning “word,” “matter,” or “thing.” As it is used in Christian systematic theology, “pneumatology” refers to the study of the biblical doctrine of the Holy Spirit. The Greek word in verse 16 that is translated as "Comforter" in the King James Bible is "Parakletos." holy spirit. In these three instances, therefore, the LXX (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible) renders this expression with the same co… How to say holy spirit in Greek. In Christian theology, the gender of the Holy Spirit has been the subject of some debate in recent times. [10], Historian of religion Susan Ashbrook Harvey considers the grammatical gender to have been significant for early Syriac Christianity: "It seems clear that for the Syrians, the cue from grammar—ruah as a feminine noun—was not entirely gratuitous. [14], The Syriac language, which was in common use around AD 300, is derived from Aramaic. It is found in earlier writings of Syriac Christianity such as the Odes of Solomon[9] and in the Gnostic early-third-century Acts of Thomas. What Is the Holy Spirit? You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. At the very least we must take a consistent approach. [4], William D. Mounce argues that in the Gospel of John, when Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit as Comforter (masculine in Greek), the grammatically necessary masculine form of the Greek pronoun autos is used,[5] but when Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit as Spirit, grammatically neuter in Greek,[6] the masculine form of the demonstrative pronoun ekeinos ("that masculine one") is used. It is believed that early Christians buried works such as the Gospel of Thomas so that they would not be des… There are also some other independent Messianic groups with similar teachings. All policies, Church Society actually, the word translates as spirit and as breathe in both hebrew and greek. In some occasions in the Greek text, masculine verb endings and pronouns are used with the neuter gender word “Spirit" when speaking about the holy Spirit, and sometimes it is without the definite article - i.e. Thus, the decision to capitalize a word is taken from textual clues. Often, people refer to the Holy Spirit as an "it," yet Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as a male, just as it does for the Father and the Son. The Hebrew Ruach HaKodesh and the Roman Holy Spirit are two different concepts of the power of the Creator; the former sees Ruach HaKodesh as the creative force, the power of the Creator through which everything came into existence, while the latter sees it as the “third person” of the “Holy Trinity”: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, three persons in one God, all Gods, yet they are one God. The Greek Word for Spirit is “Pneuma,” In Hebrew Spirit is “Ruach” The Greek (New Testament) word for spirit is “pneuma” whereas the Hebrew (Old Testament) word for spirit is “ruach.” Both words mean: a current of air, wind, a breath in reference to either a human, demon, or the Holy Spirit of God. It is interesting that in each of these three languages, the word translated into English as “Spirit” in “Holy Spirit” means “breath” or “wind” (the term is ruach in Hebrew and Aramaic, and pneuma in Greek). Funds and trusts Scholars speculate that the works as such were buried there in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius (296 – 373 AD) declaring a strict canon of Christian scripture. There was real meaning in calling the Spirit 'She'. So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? ; “Man” and “woman” are gendered in what they refer to, but they are not grammatically gendered; Question: "Is it important to know Greek and Hebrew when studying the Bible?" [37][38] Messianic Judaism is considered by most Christians and Jews to be a form of Christianity. September 2020 Both words are commonly used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. In Hebrew thinking, it is what man does and not what man thinks or believes. The grammatical gender of the word for "spirit" is feminine in Hebrew, neuter in Greek and masculine in Latin. In documents produced in Syriac by the early Miaphysite church (which later became the Syriac Orthodox Church) the feminine gender of the word for spirit gave rise to a theology in which the Holy Spirit was considered feminine. 16 And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of Truth; Whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you (Bible, Gospel of John 14:16-17 KJV). Just because helper is a masculine word it doesn’t mean the helper has masculine gender. The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew רוּחַ. First, in English the masculine and feminine pronouns carry more biological or physical weight than they do in the Greek and Hebrew. Those first three and fundamental differences immediately gives us a number of implications. When Christianity transitioned from consisting of mostly Hebrew-speaking Israelites to Greek-speaking gentiles, the gender of the Spirit was gradually lost. Sermon Delivered 12-25-04 Part One, Who/What is the Ruach HaKadosh? All is to be holy as YHVH is holy. Safeguarding Policy A related word, qedesh, is one who is also set apart for a special purpose but not in the same way we think of "holy," but is a prostitute (Deut 23:17). The grammatical gender of the word for "spirit" is feminine in Hebrew (רוּחַ, rūaḥ),[1] neuter in Greek (πνεῦμα, pneûma) and masculine in Latin (spiritus). There the spirit (feminine) was troubled (feminine verb). It's all Greek to Them The Holy Spirit He, She, or It? The word spirit (from the Latin spiritus meaning "breath") appears either alone or with other words in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament. now, when God created Adam, genesis says He "breathed" into Him, indicating that what He breathed into Adam was His spirit, because breath and spirit translate as the same word. There the Holy Spirit is identified as the Spirit of Jesus. 213142 and a registered charity (No. Therefore, second, in English the gender of a noun carries much more significance than in Greek or Hebrew. But back to the Holy Spirit, what do we do with it/him/her? For example “cattle”, “year”, “hand”, “covenant”, “door”, “remnant”, “truth” and “sin” are all feminine in Hebrew. This Hebrew word study uses a Greek Unicode font and the Hebrew Unicode font "David" which comes with later versions of Windows, and is printer friendly. How to say holy spirit in Greek. Today's Posts; Member List; Calendar; Forum; Christ Life; Bible Chat; If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. [citation needed], In 1977, one of their leaders, Lois Roden, began to formally teach that a feminine Holy Spirit is the heavenly pattern of women. Meaning- As the Third Person in the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is recognized … Understanding the Hebrew word ruach (and its Greek counterpart pneuma) is central to understanding why Yeshua is called "Messiah" (Mashiach, Christos). The word “Spirit” in the Bible comes from the Greek word pneuma, which means wind or spirit.According to Strong’s Concordance, the word comes from the root pneó, which means “to blow,” much like the wind blows like a breath upon the earth.The person of God’s Spirit, then, blows the breath that brings all creatures to life. Combinations include expressions such as the "Holy Spirit", "Spirit of God", and in Christianity, "Spirit of Christ". Their views derive from skepticism toward Greek primacy for the New Testament. (The BBC article referenced above quotes “grammatical gender is very different from biological sex.” This is perhaps too strong. First, in Greek and Hebrew the grammatical masculine or feminine carries a much wider range of meaning than in English, from having no indication of physical gender to being gender specific. That brings us nicely to the issues of translating from a gendered language into a less-gendered language. 32:11-12, Proverbs 1:20, Matthew 11:19, Luke 3:22, and John 3:5-6. Instead we need to ask whose spirit is being referred to? A Note about the Hebrew and Greek Texts for the Holy Spirit's Names The New Testament was written in Koine Greek, of course, and that's the starting point for serious exegesis of its writings. Some critics point out that the Greek word for "spirit," pneuma , is neuter (not gender specific) or that the Hebrew Old Testament word for "spirit," ruach , … A subtle but significant shift seems to be happening. !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)? There is an overlap.) What then do we do in English? Pneuma is of course neuter. In some passages the Holy Spirit is rhetorically represented as a Person ((cf. In her many studies and talks she cited numerous scholars and researchers from Jewish, Christian, and other sources. 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