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The global population is estimated at less than 2,000 with only 100 in Vietnam. hunted to near extinction in the 80s and 90s to satisfy the demand for claws, [22] The terrestrial gastropod fauna is highly diverse and includes more than 850 described land snail and slug species; many species inhabit limestone karst hills. Many plant and animal species thrive in Vietnam’s warm, rainy climate. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. although the number was much higher 5 decades ago. It is critically endangered and was extinct in the wilderness after the population was decimated during the Vietnam War. The country lies on the east Asian flyway of Siberian birds and is an important stopover for migratory waders. They are found in forests in altitudes of between 700 to 3,900 ft. Change of competent authorities handling registration for export of foodstuff of animal and plant origin to Vietnam Notification of Circular 12/2015/TT-BNNPTNT of March 16, 2015 Lists of countries approved for export to Vietnam Monitoring Program. The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. Mangrove forest areas are on the rise due to renewed planting. They have commercial value both at home and abroad [19], Trade in wildlife resources in Vietnam is of considerable value. The Sunda flying lemur is also found in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Indonesia. Siamese Crocodile. Before taking plants required to be quarantined to transit through Vietnamese territory, organizations, individuals shall obtain approvals from plant protection and quarantine state authorities and apply measures to prevent the spread of pathogens and harmful micro-plants and micro-animals from such plants to Vietnam. You may not be surprised by this … People of the rabbit or cat year have a peaceful, gentle personality; and … The wildlife of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity. The tigers of Vietnam were But today more is being learned about the animal and plant life in the area that includes previously unknown plants and animals as well as endangered species. The Black crested gibbon was once widely distributed across Central Asia but poaching and habitat destruction have threatened the animals to near extinction. The Sunda/Malayan flying lemur is not a lemur and does not People of rabbit or cat year. Some of the well known herbal species are: ginseng, Coscinium fenestratum, Coptis teeta, Panax vietnamensis, Stephania spp.[20]. [20], Rare and little known birds have been identified such as the Edward’s pheasant which was believed to be extinct, the white-winged wood duck and the white-shouldered ibis. encroachment is a serious problem that is likely to push the tigers out of The country was once totally covered with forests but over the years due to the war and deforestation and anthropological pressures some areas have lost their biodiversity value. Deer are plentiful and include the small musk deer and muntjac (barking deer). The Sunda/Malayan pangolin is one of the species of Below is a list of some of the most threatened wild animals of Vietnam. found in Laos and Vietnam but a small population has been sighted in Northern Cambodia. The Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros used to live throughout the region of Vietnam but was declared extinct in 2010 when the last remaining individual as found dead with the horn removed. There are more than 2500 species of fish in the waters of Vietnam. Irrawaddy Dolphin Natural forests are at higher elevations in the northwest and mangrove swamps are in the coastal areas. Eleven new animal and plant species have been discovered in a remote area of central Vietnam: a snake, five orchids, two butterflies and three other plants new to science. They live in Vietnam's rainforests. trafficked animals on the planet, a factor that is threatening the population The world's only known Swinhoe's softshell turtle is not alone after a new one has been discovered in Vietnam. Warfare, loss of habitat, pollution and economic necessity resulting from acute poverty has contributed to a serious loss of species of plants and wildlife. Singapore, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, Brunei, Vietnam, and Thailand. This diversity of ecosystems gives rise to a rich variety of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. Over 300 species of animals have disappeared from the country and more than 100 living there today are threatened. Timber plants are 100 species. Fish fauna and crustaceans are proliferating and birds are seen more frequently. Vietnam is has more than 1,500 species of woody plants and the country is divided into two categories: the evergreen forests and the deciduous forests. In Vietnam, [6] Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. of wild pangolins and pushing them to extinction. The globally threatened species are listed under the following three categories, excluding vulnerable category. It These scaly nightmares turned up in Vietnam's kitchens, bedrooms and kindergartens. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species!. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts. The loss of habitat due to human and Nghe An Province where they inhabit dense forests. [21] While many variety of animals have become extinct like the Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, the protection of large animals have been addressed. For the first time, Vietnam has a basic general document, which is orthodox in the potential of biological resources and diversity in Vietnam, meeting the demand of socio-economic development in renovation. Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. It is a species of colugo and one of the two flying Faunal species noted are accounted as 11,217 species of animals, in Vietnam's hot and humid climate. [6], While the national reserves cover small areas of scientific significance with restricted access, the national parks also cover wetlands of Ramsar designated areas and BirdLife International inscribed bird areas. It includes 1000 endemic species. In the 1990s, three other large mammal species, the deer-like Truong Son muntjac, giant muntjac and Pu Hoat muntjac, were also discovered, the first two in the same park. Over … A while back, the green pit viper population exploded across the country. More than 13,200 terrestrial plant species and around 10,000 animal species have been recorded in Vietnam, while over 3,000 … They have commercial value both at home and abroad Considered as one of the world biological diversification centers, the flora estimated is of the order of 12,000 species (veined flora) of which 9,628 have been recorded under 291 families. In Vietnam, orcas can be found in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. The largest and the most conspicuous find in recent years is of the plant species in the Halong Bay area known as Halong fan palm. The bird was saved from total extermination by the domesticate population that was reintroduced to the wild.They are rarely seen in the wild but it estimated that there are about 50-249 individuals. The largest of the national parks initially covered were the Cuc Phuong National Park, the Cat Tien National Park, the Con Dao National Park and Con Dao National Park, which to start with, were forest areas cum reserves or prohibited areas. The small white flowers are most attractive and this species has very good foliage. Spinner dolphins get their name from their behavior of Reptiles include crocodiles, lizards, pythons, and cobras. Vietnam is slowly regaining its forests through tree planting and natural reforestation though. skin, and bones used to make Chinese medicines. It is threatened by residential and commercial development. Excitingly, the former solo Swinhoe’s turtle. Indian elephants are a form of Asian elephant found throughout Southeast Asia. This animal glides with help of a thin membrane that stretches from from its face to the tips of its fingers before extending right down to the end of its tail. It was once considered extinct until a wild population was discovered in 1989. The cavern’s exposed passages are filled with many of the same plants and animals that inhabit the surrounding jungle. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is a multifaceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. [1], The national parks and reserves, as per present status, (as reported by the national parks of Vietnam) conforming to the topography of the country which cover terrestrial, deltas of rivers, and coastal zones are:[7][8] Five national parks and four reserves in the Mekong Delta;[9] two national parks in the northeastern area;[10] five reserves in the north western area;[11] three parks in the Red River Delta;[12] two parks and one reserve in the North Central Coastal area;[13] two reserves in South Central Coastal area;[14] three parks and one reserve in Central Highlands;[15] one park and one reserve in south eastern area.[16]. Rare and endemic antelope-like animal, categorized under the bovine subfamily, was found in 1992, in Bạch Mã National Park. The Tonkin snub-nose is native to northern Vietnam. [3] There are about 889 species of birds[4] and over 850 species of land mollusks[5]. It is a nocturnal and arboreal animal moves from one branch to another in search of prey. prefers living in forests and plantations. The reasons adduced to this situation are; the Vietnam war, deforestation, hunting, export of animals under CITES agreement which is generally violated by illegal activity due to inadequate patrolling. They're an endangered species so seeing… Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) on Nov. 19 opened its latest livestock feed plant, located in Hoa Mac, Ha Nam province, Vietnam. Where the cave ceiling has collapsed, life has flourished within Son Doong’s massive expanse. However, a study by the WWF has reported that nearly 10% of the wildlife in the country is threatened with extinction. However, many areas still remain to be explored, and more species are likely to appear in the future. tigers but three are considered extinct and the remaining six are critically In respect of faunal species, trade varies between 3,700 and 4,500 tons; the use of faunal species are also for medical purposes, pets, and as food and ornamentation but excludes trade in aquatic species. It is the species that lives in Vietnam. Today, hunting, trade, and destruction of habitat threaten them. However, some orcas specialize in a particular prey and are not likely to switch diet. “Meanwhile, in Vietnam, the first thing many Vietnamese people want to know is if they are good to eat.” Mzung said the popular misconception that wild animals, which only eat plants in the forests, will produce nutritious meat is to blame for the fact that Vietnamese people have a liking for wild animal … As a result of conservation efforts, Siamese crocodile numbers have recovered on account of their reintroduction to ponds within the parks. Their fly as the name suggest. The Crocodylus siamensis or the Siamese crocodile is one of Vietnam’s most threatened animals. The Tonkin snub-nosed monkey is listed among the most endangered species of primates in the world. The objective for creating national parks was to allow access to the reserved areas as a part of ecotourism and cultural needs with full attention to the basic approach of conservation of natural environmental resources. pangolin that is found across Southeast Asia. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. Tropical Rainforest Plants Information. [5], The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. Rainforest in the hilly region has wild rhododendrons in the northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids. [22], Vietnam's fauna of non-marine molluscs comprises various species of freshwater gastropods, freshwater bivalves and terrestrial gastropods. The Edwards’s Pheasant is a bird native to Central Vietnam. They eat fish, porpoises, seals, dolphins, and sea lions. By Victor Kiprop on July 30 2018 in World Facts. There are about 250 left in the wilderness of Vietnam. lemurs, the other being the Philippine flying lemur of the Philippines. Exploration of the Mekong River valley has been sparse up until recent years. In the forests, new animals are being found that no one knew about. Vietnam sooner than later. Agriculture is highly labour-intensive in Vietnam, and much plowing is still done by water buffalo. There are many plantations of banana, coconut, and citrus trees, most of them found in the Mekong delta and the southern terrace regions. The forests are home to animals such as wild oxen, bears, tigers, leopards, monkeys, and gibbons. [20][18][19] Specifically the faunal species which are endemic to Vietnam are the following. They live in social groups of about 20-30 Vietnamese scientists are just now working with scientists from all around the world to study their country's interesting animals and plants. [18] According to the Conservation International List Vietnam is identified as the fifth biodiversity hot spot in the world, on account of its exotic flora and fauna. The black crested gibbon is a rare species with a continuous distribution in Northwestern Laos, Southwestern China, and Northern Vietnam. the conservation efforts in the country. There are four UNESCO biosphere reserves and 30 national parks in Vietnam all of which are under the protection of the government. In fact, hundreds of new-to-science species of plants and animals have been discovered in Vietnam during the last three decades, and more are recorded … The pygmy loris is a species of primate, the group of animals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, and lemurs. Mammals that are endemic to Vietnam. However, over-exploitation of the land has endangered many native species of plants and animals, and increased the impact of natural disasters. over 11 feet and weigh over 150 lbs. Initially, there were nine species of they can be seen along the coast of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. [19], According to the BirdLife International records of 2011, the avifauna recorded are of 889 species, which includes 18 endemic species, 44 globally threatened species and 6 introduced species. Other common wild animals are wild pigs, porcupines, jackals, otters, mongooses, hares, skunks, and squirrels, including flying squirrels. [17] The floral richness of the rain forest habitats comprise a broad range of evergreens. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards are also reported. They are hard to come by The country’s coastlines, caves, mountain ranges, swamps, rivers, and tropical forests provide a habitat for wildlife but habitat loss and poaching are serious challenges facing the wildlife of the country. The new facility joins a growing list of investments ADM has made in Vietnam and marks its fifth plant dedicated to animal nutrition in the country. because they prefer living at the canopy of tall trees away from predators. In Vietnam, they are found in Kon Tum recovery. It is the largest primate in Vietnam and the most endangered. [4], The marine molluscan fauna of Vietnam includes numerous species of chitons, gastropods, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves. Insects are also a valuable source of trade with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major share. The slow loris feeds on insects, fruits, floral nectar, and tree sap. leaping and spinning above the water. Medicinal plants are also harvested and its trade is of the order of 20,000 tons. endangered. This river travels through Cambodia as well before emptying into the South China Sea. The pangolin is among the most They are ... Plants and Animals. 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