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References and Further Reading. Symmetric encryption (or pre-shared key encryption) uses a single key to both encrypt and decrypt data. The libcrypto library within OpenSSL provides functions for performing symmetric encryption and decryption operations across a wide range of algorithms and modes. Types of encryption: Symmetric Encryption . Symmetric cryptography is faster to run (in terms of both encryption and decryption) because the keys used are much shorter than they are in asymmetric cryptography. In symmetric encryption, there is only one key, and all parties involved use the same key to encrypt and decrypt information. These ciphers are used in symmetric key cryptography.A symmetric algorithm uses the same key to encrypt data as it does to decrypt data. Symmetric-key algorithms are algorithms for cryptography that use the same cryptographic keys for both encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.The keys may be identical or there may be a simple transformation to go between the two keys. 1. For example, a symmetric algorithm will use key k k k to encrypt some plaintext information like a password into a ciphertext. In symmetric-key encryption, each computer has a secret key (code) that it can use to encrypt a packet of information before it is sent over the network to another computer. Below you can see the code of an application that uses Symmetric-Key Cryptography to encrypt or decrypt a pre-set directory. With this type of key cryptography, the sender and receiver of a message share a single key. Here is an example of the AES encryption code (check comments in the code for details): x Both the sender and the receiver need the same key to communicate. The AES encryption is a symmetric cipher that uses the same key for encryption and decryption. This page walks you through the basics of performing a simple encryption and corresponding decryption operation. Symmetric ciphers use symmetric algorithms to encrypt and decrypt data. Use Case of Symmetric Key Cryptography. In order to perform encryption/decryption you need to know: These types of encryption algorithms are called symmetric because they use the same key to encrypt and decrypt messages. Let's take a simple example of a symmetric key encryption algorithm to walk through the overall process of encrypting and decrypting a message. The keys, in practice, represent a shared secret between two or more parties that can be used to maintain a private information link. Just like two Spartan generals sending messages to each other, computers using symmetric-key encryption to send information between each other must have the same key. First up, we have symmetric cryptography. The former is symmetric encryption, while the latter is called asymmetric encryption. In the final article in this series we will look at the use of encryption modes with symmetric block ciphers, including the need for padding and initialization vectors. Symmetric Encryption. Symmetric Encryption. The most popular Symmetric Algorithms are DES, Triple-DES, AES, Blowfish, RC2, RC4(ARCFOUR), RC5, RC6. 3DES is Officially Being Retired (2018), by Jasmine Henry; Trends in Cryptography Part 1 – Algorithms and Encryption (2018), by Rob Stubbs Symmetric-key requires that you know which … Additionally, the fact that only one key gets used (versus two for asymmetric cryptography… Symmetric key sizes are typically 128 or 256 bits—the larger the key size, the harder the key is to crack. Of encryption algorithms are called symmetric because they use the same key to encrypt some plaintext information like a into. 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